There is enough documented evidence to indicate that bullying is a widespread and potentially damaging kind of violence among children. Bullying impacts victims as well as perpetrators. It can also impact the environment within a school, and indirectly ability of all students to learn to the best of their capabilities. Again, the connection between bullying and later criminal conduct cannot be ignored. Assessing data from various studies suggest that adopting a detailed approach to decrease bullying at school could transform students’ behaviors, decrease rebellious behaviors, and improve teachers' readiness to intervene.
The incident of bullying deserves particular attention from parents, teachers, and children concerned with preventing violence for two substantial reasons. First, the occurrence of bullying and the damage that it causes are gravely underestimated by society. It is vital that any violence prevention effort must increase awareness among children, school personnel, and parents pertaining to the connection between bullying and other violent behaviors.
Secondly, the nature of bullying does not essentially lend itself to the same intervention that might effectively decrease other kinds of conflict among children. The reason being it involves harassment by stronger children against the weaker children (Unlike a disagreement between colleagues of comparatively equal status). Hence, normal conflict resolution plans may not succeed.
Bullying amongst children is considered as a recurring, negative act committed by one or more children against one another. The negative acts could be physical or verbal in nature. Inherent in this description is a disparity in the real or perceived equation between the bully and the victim.
The development of a systematic school-oriented bullying intervention program is critical to control bullying behavior. The learning environment has to be restructured to develop a social environment denoted by supportive teachers and parents' involvement, positive role models, restrictions, and sanctions for bullying behavior.
In order to efficiently achieve its objectives of decreasing current bullying issues and preventing the creation of future issues, an intervention program must direct teachers, administrators, and personnel through various activities that ensure they are aware of the extent of the bullying issues and enable them to solve it.
Interventions to decrease bullying are at various levels:
- A survey to identify the problem
- A meeting to educate the entire community
- Improved supervision across the school
- A coordinating group
- Regular meetings between parents and school personnel
At the classroom level
- An effective curriculum
- Strict rules in a classroom
- Immediate punishment for bullying behavior
- Regular communication with the students and parents
At the individual level
- Serious communication with bullies/victims and parents of bullies and victims
- Mentor bullies to demonstrate non-aggressive behavior
- Encourage victims to be more assertive